Featured, In the Journal — June 10, 2018 at 9:25 am

Volume 9, Issue 2

Issue 2

Managing National Security Risk in an Open Economy: Reforming the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States                                                  by Jonathan Wakely & Andrew Indorf

Congress has recently dedicated itself to reforming the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) to better address emerging threats to national security. Wakely and Indorf offer a comprehensive background and practical guidance, built on fundamental principles, for that reform.

Autonomous Weapon Systems and the Limits of Analogy

By Rebecca Crootof

Rebecca Crootof argues that analogies often used to describe autonomous weapon systems (AWS) misrepresent their legally salient traits and limit our conception of how AWS might develop. She suggests that because analogical reasoning fails in this realm, new supplemental law is needed to appropriately and effectively regulate AWS.

The Duty to Disobey Illegal Nuclear Strike Orders
by Anthony J. Colangelo

Professor Colangelo asserts that an order to strike with nuclear weapons to achieve a military objective would likely be manifestly illegal, if the strike were near civilians and conventional weapons could achieve a similar result. Failure to disobey such an order would be a war crime, he suggests, no matter whether the order were given and carried out by state or non-state actors.

Do NATO Obligations Trump European Budgetary Constraints?
by Federico Fabbrini

Professor Fabbrini examines the relationship between EU budgetary constraints and NATO defense-spending obligations. He argues that EU budget rules do not legally prevent EU member states from fulfilling their NATO obligations, but make it politically difficult to do so. The article also considers whether a broader European defense union could overcome the problem of European defense underspending and revive the transatlantic alliance, which President Trump has questioned.

Access Control: Freedom of the Seas in the Arctic and the Russian Northern Sea Route Regime                                                 
by Sean Fahey

Commander Fahey analyzes Russia’s regulation of the Northern Sea Route (NSR), which may unlawfully limit navigational rights and freedoms at a time when diminishing Arctic sea ice is increasing international shipping activity in the region. Fahey asks whether state practice could further undermine the freedom of navigation in the Arctic: few flag states are protesting Russia’s NSR regime, and Canada is following Russia’s expansive regulatory lead in the waters off its own Arctic coast.

“Deep Ocean Ascension off Cape Town, South Africa” by Christopher Griner is licensed under CC BY 2.0.

 

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