The Harvard National Security Journal is a student-run journal advised by a group of distinguished academics and practitioners in the field of national security law and policy. We are grateful to the following advisors for their time and expertise:
- John B. Bellinger III, Arnold & Porter LLP
- Gabriella Blum, Harvard Law School
- Robert Chesney, University of Texas School of Law
- Jack Goldsmith, Harvard Law School
- Philip Heymann, Harvard Law School
- Harvey Rishikof, National War College
- Alex Whiting, Harvard Law School
- Benjamin Wittes, Brookings Institution
- Juan C. Zarate, Center for Strategic and International Studies
John B. Bellinger III, Arnold & Porter LLP
John Bellinger is a Partner in the Homeland Security and the International practice groups at Arnold & Porter LLP. Prior to joining Arnold & Porter, he served in a number of senior positions in the U.S. government, including as the Legal Adviser to the Department of State from 2005 to 2009 under Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, and as the Legal Adviser to the National Security Council (NSC) at the White House from 2001-2005. In his role as the Legal Adviser to the NSC, he helped draft the law creating the Director of National Intelligence in 2004. Mr. Bellinger is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Gabriella Blum, Harvard Law School
Gabriella Blum is the Rita E. Hauser Professor of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law at Harvard Law School and the Faculty Director of Harvard Law School’s Program on International Law and Armed Conflict (PILAC). She was a 2016 Carnegie Fellow.
Following her studies of law and economics at Tel-Aviv University, Blum joined the Israel Defense Forces, and served as a senior legal advisor in the International Law Department, Military Advocate General’s Corps. During her military service, she was involved in the Israeli-Arab peace negotiations, Israeli strategic cooperation with foreign forces, and the administration of the Palestinian occupied territories.
After completing the LL.M. and S.J.D. degrees at Harvard, she returned to the IDF, and then joined the Israeli National Security Council, Prime Minister’s Office, as a strategy advisor. In 2005, she returned to Harvard to join the Law School faculty.
Blum is the author of Islands of Agreement: Managing Enduring Armed Rivalries (Harvard University Press, 2007), and of the co-authored book (with Philip Heymann) Laws, Outlaws, and Terrorists: Lessons from the War on Terrorism (MIT Press), and The Future of Violence: Robots and Germs, Hackers and Drones – Confronting a New Age of Threat (Basic Books, 2015) (co-authored with Benjamin Wittes and recipient of the Roy C. Palmer Civil Liberties Prize), as well as of several journal articles on international law and the laws of war.
Robert Chesney, University of Texas School of Law
Bobby Chesney is a national security law specialist, with a particular interest in problems associated with terrorism. He is the Charles I. Francis Professor in Law and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at the University of Texas School of Law. He is also the Director of Legal Studies for the Robert S. Strauss Center on International Security and Law, and is a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. He previously served as adviser to the Detention Policy Task Force created by Executive Order 13493. He is a member of the Advisory Committee of the American Bar Association’s Standing Committee on Law and National Security, a senior editor for the Journal of National Security Law & Policy, a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and a member of the American Law Institute. Professor Chesney has published extensively on topics ranging from detention and prosecution in the counterterrorism context to the state secrets privilege. He has testified before Congress on multiple occasions about national security legal issues. He is a co-founder of www.lawfareblog.com and co-host of the National Security Law Podcast.
Jack Goldsmith, Harvard Law School
Jack Goldsmith is the Henry L. Shattuck Professor of Law at Harvard University. He is the author, most recently, of The Terror Presidency: Law and Judgment Inside The Bush Administration (W.W. Norton 2007), as well as of other books and articles on many topics related to terrorism, national security, international law, conflicts of law, and internet law. Before coming to Harvard, Professor Goldsmith served as Assistant Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel, from October 2003 through July 2004, and Special Counsel to the General Counsel to the Department of Defense from September 2002 through June 2003. Goldsmith taught at the University of Chicago Law School from 1997-2002, and at the University of Virginia Law School from 1994-1997. He holds a J.D. from Yale Law School, a B.A. and an M.A. from Oxford University, and a B.A. from Washington & Lee University. He clerked for Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, Court of Appeals Judge J. Harvie Wilkinson, and Judge George Aldrich on the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal.
Philip Heymann, Harvard Law School
Philip Heymann is the James Barr Ames Professor of Law and Director of the Center for International Criminal Justice at Harvard Law School. Heymann has served at high levels in both the State and Justice Departments during the Kennedy, Johnson, Carter, and Clinton administrations including as Deputy U.S. Attorney General (1993-1994) and Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Criminal Division (1977-1981). A former Fulbright Scholar with degrees from Yale University and Harvard Law School, Professor Heymann has served as clerk for Supreme Court Justice John Harlan, Acting Administrator of the State Department’s Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs, and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of International Organizations, among other positions. Heymann also studied at the Sorbonne in France. He has authored and edited seven books and numerous articles on terrorism, management in government, criminal justice, and combating corruption at home and abroad. His most recent book, Protecting Liberty in an Age of Terror, co-authored with Juliette Kayyem from the Kennedy School of Government, and Laws, Outlaws, and Terrorists, co-authored with Gabriella Blum, a Harvard Law School Professor, explore threats to national security and civil liberties posed by terrorism.
Harvey Rishikof, National War College
Harvey Rishikof is a senior counsel at Crowell & Moring’s Privacy & Cybersecurity Practice and Government Contracts Group. He was previously a Professor of Law and National Security at the National War College, Washington, D.C., where he served as Dean of Faculty, and Chair of the American Bar Association Standing Committee on National Security Law. He holds a TS/SCI clearance. A former Canadian Council Scholar with degrees from McGill University, Brandeis University, and N.Y.U. Law School, Professor Rishikof served as law clerk for Third Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Leonard I. Garth, Administrative Assistant to Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist of the United States Supreme Court, legal counsel to the Deputy Director of the FBI, and dean of the Roger Williams University School of Law. A former Harvard Social Studies Law tutor, Rishikof is a lifetime member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Law Institute. Rishikof has published extensively on topics ranging from detention and prosecution, national security courts, the law of armed conflict, international law, and economic espionage.
Alex Whiting, Harvard Law School
Alex Whiting is a Professor of Practice at Harvard Law School where he teaches, writes and consults on domestic and international criminal prosecution issues. From 2010 until 2013, he served in the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague as the Investigations Coordinator, overseeing all of the investigations in the office, and then as Prosecutions Coordinator, overseeing all of the office’s ongoing prosecutions. From 2002-2007, he was a Trial Attorney and then a Senior Trial Attorney with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague. He was lead prosecution counsel in Prosecutor v. Fatmir Limaj, Isak Musliu, and Haradin Bala; Prosecutor v. Milan Martić; and Prosecutor v. Dragomir Milosević. Before going to the ICTY, he was a prosecutor with the Department of Justice for ten years, first with the Criminal Section of the Civil Rights Division in Washington, D.C., and then with the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Boston where he focused on organized crime and corruption cases. His publications include Dynamic Investigative Practice at the International Criminal Court, 76 Law and Contemporary Problems 163 (2014), INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW: CASES AND COMMENTARY (2011), co-authored with Antonio Cassese and two other authors, and In International Criminal Prosecutions, Justice Delayed Can Be Justice Delivered, 50 Harv. Int’l L. J. 323 (2009).
Benjamin Wittes, Brookings Institution
Benjamin Wittes is a senior fellow in Governance Studies at The Brookings Institution, co-director of the Harvard Law School-Brookings Project on Law and Security, and co-chair of the Hoover Institution’s Working Group on National Security, Technology, and Law. He co-founded and co-writes the Lawfare blog (http://www.lawfareblog.com/), which is devoted to non-ideological discussion of “Hard National Security Choices.”
He is the author of Detention and Denial: The Case for Candor After Guantanamo, published in November 2011, co-editor of Constitution 3.0: Freedom and Technological Change, published in December 2011, and editor of Campaign 2012: Twelve Independent Ideas for Improving American Public Policy (Brookings Institution Press, May 2012). He is also writing a book on data and technology proliferation and their implications for security. He is the author of Law and the Long War: The Future of Justice in the Age of Terror, published in June 2008 by The Penguin Press, and the editor of the 2009 Brookings book, Legislating the War on Terror: An Agenda for Reform.”
His previous books include Starr: A Reassessment, which was published in 2002 by Yale University Press, and Confirmation Wars: Preserving Independent Courts in Angry Times, published in 2006 by Rowman & Littlefield and the Hoover Institution.
Between 1997 and 2006, he served as an editorial writer for The Washington Post specializing in legal affairs. Before joining the editorial page staff of The Washington Post, Wittes covered the Justice Department and federal regulatory agencies as a reporter and news editor at Legal Times. His writing has also appeared in a wide range of journals and magazines, including The Atlantic, Slate, The New Republic, The Wilson Quarterly, The Weekly Standard, Policy Review, and First Things.
Benjamin Wittes was born November 5, 1969 in Boston, Massachusetts, and graduated from Oberlin College in 1990. He has a black belt in taekwondo.
Juan C. Zarate, Center for Strategic and International Studies
Juan Zarate is a Senior Adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and a Visiting Lecturer of Law at the Harvard Law School, and a national security consultant. Mr. Zarate is also the chairman and cofounder of the Financial Integrity Network, and serves as chairman and senior counselor for the Foundation for Defense of Democracies’ Center on Sanctions and Illicit Finance (CSIF), as senior national security analyst for NBC News and MSNBC, and as a senior fellow at the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point.
Mr. Zarate served as the Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Combating Terrorism from 2005 to 2009, and was responsible for developing and implementing the U.S. government’s counterterrorism strategy and policies related to transnational security threats. Mr. Zarate was the first Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes where he led domestic and international efforts to attack terrorist financing, the innovative use of the Treasury’s national security-related powers, and the global hunt for Saddam Hussein’s assets. Mr. Zarate is a former federal prosecutor who served on terrorism prosecution teams prior to 9/11, including the investigation of the USS Cole attack.
Mr. Zarate is the author of Treasury’s War: The Unleashing of a New Era of Financial Warfare (PublicAffairs, 2013), Forging Democracy (University Press of America, 1994), and a variety of articles in the New York Times, Financial Times, Washington Post, Wall St. Journal, LA Times, Washington Quarterly, and other publications. He is a graduate of both Harvard College and Harvard Law School and a former Rotary International Fellow (Universidad de Salamanca, Spain).